Santis Clinic is COVID-SAFE and has adopted all recommended precautions. Patients are able to book face-to-face consultations, and we can also arrange video and phone consultations. Our ability to provide rapid access to a patient pathway of expert prostate cancer diagnostics, biopsy and surgery is unrestricted. Please contact us for further details. or 0203 389 5860

Like many cancers, how tumours in the prostate form and develop is still largely unknown. However, we do know that they can be influenced by a few factors.

  • Family history: if a first-degree relative (e.g. your father or brother) has had prostate cancer, this increases the risk of you developing it too by 2-3 times. The more family members affected, even if they are not first-degree the higher the risk of you developing the disease.
  • Age: as you age, the risk increases. Over 99% of cases of prostate cancer are in men aged 50 and over.
  • Ethnicity: for reasons yet unknown, black men are more likely to get prostate cancer than any other ethnicity, while those of Asian origin are less likely than average.
  • Obesity, exercise and diet: Prostate cancer is commoner in men who are overweight and who take little exercise. Dietary factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer include a high intake of saturated fat (present in red meat and dairy products) and a low intake of fruit and vegetables, which contain natural antioxidants and anti-cancer compounds.

If you are looking to prevent prostate cancer, unfortunately there is no single cast-iron prevention available. Having said that, we recommend that men looking to minimise the chances:

  • exercise 3 times a week for at least 20 minutes.
  • control their weight.
  • eat red meat no more than 3 times a week.
  • eat and drink dairy products in moderation.
  • eat plenty of fruit and vegetables, especially tomatoes which are rich in lycopene.

Next chapter: symptoms of prostate cancer